The use of oral presentations in Higher Education: CLIL vs. English as a foreign language

Francisco Gallardo del Puerto, María Martínez Adrián


The aim of the present study is to gain insight into the use of oral presentations in English in Higher Education. Thirty-five students, divided into two groups – Content-and-language-integratedlearning (CLIL) vs. English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL), were asked about their experience with oral presentations, received theoretical and practical training in how to make good oral presentations, were engaged in tasks in which they had to perform an oral presentation in English, evaluate their peers’ and own presentations, and eventually assessed the whole educational experience. An onset and an offset questionnaire were administered at the beginning and at the end of the innovation experience. The offset questionnaire results indicated that in comparison with the significant gains reported by EFL students, CLIL students did not perceive that their English language skills had improved after the oral presentation training, which suggests that CLIL lessons, in contrast to EFL settings, may be focused on content to the detriment of the language component. Consequently, we make a call for a better integration of content and language and for the use of focus-on-form techniques in CLIL contexts at university.

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